On Dec. 7, the Supreme Court is scheduled to hear oral arguments in a case regarding alleged sexual assaults by a Dollar General manager against a tribal minor, a 13-year-old who apprenticed in a store on Choctaw tribal lands in Mississippi. While working in partnership with non-Indians remains an important part of what tribal governments do, ensuring the welfare of tribal members is an essential function of their power. This case has the potential to undermine the authority of tribes to do both.
En los espacios públicos todo es cuestión de poder. Un poder masculino que nos excluye. Caminar por la calles resulta siempre difícil y asqueante, obvio, para nosotras las mujeres.
Nada fuera de las casas nos pertenece. La dominación del hombre se impone sobre la eterna subordinación de la mujer a través de piropos, silbidos, miradas, sonido de besos y masturbación pública. Eso es acoso callejero y hoy en día es una conducta que hemos normalizado.
El hombre controla nuestros cuerpos de una u otra forma allá afuera. Se impone sobre nosotras reduciéndonos a objetos sexuales o se perfila como el principal protector y garante de nuestra seguridad. Sea como sea, el poder sobre nuestros cuerpos les pertenece a ellos, para bien o para mal. Como si no fuéramos dignas de los espacios públicos y al salir a las calles nos lo recordara.
Annotation: After identifying the risk factors that have led to the growing proportion of girls and young women involved in the juvenile justice system, this paper reviews the policies and resources of the U.S. Justice Department’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP’s) for addressing the needs of this population.
Abstract: Currently, nearly 30 percent of juveniles arrested are girls or young women; their share of arrests, detainment, and court cases has steadily increased over the past two decades. Factors in these girls lives that have increased their risk for involvement with the juvenile justice system include experiences of violence; trauma; poverty; and racial, ethnic, and gender bias. OJJDP’s policy is to process girls through the juvenile justice system only when they pose a serious threat to public safety. In managing this small proportion of girls and young women, OJJDP is committed to reducing reliance on secure placement while increasing gender-related and culturally responsive, trauma-informed, and developmentally appropriate programs and services for this population. The overall prevention approach of OJJDP is a national commitment to creating healthy social environments with family, peers, community, and educational institutions. OJJDP resources for enabling these efforts include technical assistance, grants, research, and data collection that are available to States, tribes, and local communities. The features of each of these resources are briefly described in this paper. Specifically, OJJDP has identified eight focus areas for funneling its resources to States, tribes, and localities. These focus areas are briefly described.
Title: Safeguarding Children of Arrested Parents: An Overview
Corporate Author: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Annotation: This Part 1 of a two-part Training Key on safeguarding the children of arrested parents presents an overview that defines key terms used in the discussion and outlines the legal obligations that govern the actions of officers when managing the arrests of parents with children.
Abstract: The overview expands on what research has shown, i.e., that children of all ages are vulnerable to potential trauma following the arrest of a parent, although reactions may vary by age. Given the potential harms to children occasioned by the arrest of a parent, failure to respond appropriately to these children can make law enforcement agencies and their officers civilly liable when officers are not trained to take reasonable measures to safeguard these children. Although the U.S. Supreme Court does not provide an affirmative right to government aid, the Court has established two exceptions that may create a law enforcement officer’s duty to protect citizens. One exception relates to “state-created danger.” Under this exception, a duty to protect may exist if an officer or other government operative leaves a person in a more dangerous situation than the one in which he/she was found, creating a previously non-existent danger or increasing the danger.“ This requirement could apply to officer’s duty to protect children of a parent in the course of the parent’s arrest. This paper also discusses the scope of the problem of harm to children occasioned by the arrest of a parent, and a real-life example of such harm is provided. Suggestions are offered for partnering with community child welfare organizations to address this problem. 20 notes
El arresto de una joven de 22 años en Temuco por el delito de aborto consentido demuestra una vez más que las autoridades chilenas no tienen tiempo que perder para avanzar con legislación pendiente para despenalizar el aborto, dijo Amnistía Internacional hoy.
La joven fue arrestada el martes 10 de noviembre y está siendo investigada debido a una denuncia de personal de la salud del hospital donde ella habría llegado con una hemorragia tras el uso de Misoprostol, un medicamento a veces usado para interrumpir el embarazo.
Según la información recibida por Amnistía Internacional, a la joven se la ha impuesto un arresto domiciliario parcial y firma mensual en Carabineros como medidas cautelares.
“Criminalizar el aborto es una violación a los derechos humanos de las mujeres y niñas”, señaló Ana Piquer, Directora Ejecutiva de Amnistía Internacional Chile.
“Es imperativo que a esta joven se le levante el arresto domiciliario y se le dé la atención médica que pueda necesitar en el futuro”.
Annotation: Based on data obtained from 1,205 individuals (hundreds of current and former gang members, schools, law enforcement agencies, and victim service providers), this is the executive summary of a study that examined the nature and extent of street-gang activities as facilitators of sex trafficking in San Diego, CA.
Abstract: Producing an estimated $810 million annually, sex trafficking is San Diego’s second largest underground economy after drug trafficking. The study found that at least 110 gangs are involved in the commercial exploitation of individuals for commercial sex trafficking. Gang members composed 85 percent of pimps/sex-trafficking facilitators. The sample of sex traffickers in prison who were interviewed for this study was composed of approximately the same number of Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. Based on the interviews conducted for this study, clients of commercial sex are from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. Recruitment into commercial sex was determined to be happening on high school and middle school campuses. The study used mixed methods in collecting and synthesizing data. They included a Survivor Services Dataset from a prostitution first-offender diversion program, law enforcement incident reporting, school focus groups, and interviews with individuals involved in or knowledgeable about sex trafficking.
On May 7, 2014, the SFPD formally adopted a department general order requiring officers to consider the well-being of the children of an arrested parent. This article outlines the four-step process through which the SFPD developed and implemented its policy. While the following approach was successful for the SFPD, each law enforcement agency has a unique set of circumstances it must consider when developing a policy suitable for its own department, its members, and the communities it serves. However, SFPD’s approach may serve as a template for other agencies’ efforts to create or adapt policies for protecting children of arrested parents.
From “casas de la memoria” in Guatemala, Peru, and El Salvador to an upcoming international colloquium in Spain entitled “From Past to Future: Memory and the Process of Transition,” the development of collective memory – an enduring and shared memory of events – is taking center stage as one path toward healing the wounds of a tattered national conscience and preventing the recurrence of mass atrocities. But to what extent is collective memory compatible with judicial systems, which tend to be very individual-centered?
The impetus for this article arises from the challenges I encountered in working with survivors of mass atrocity. The indivisibility of their memory struck me, as did the healing and bonds it generated. As I began to examine the literature on collective memory, I realized that I was not alone in this observation. Scholars from disciplines ranging from sociology to clinical psychology have written about and documented collective memory and its cathartic effects.
My article explores the tension between the preservation of collective memory and another impulse that follows mass atrocity: the desire for justice. Because many judicial systems are heavily influenced by notions of individualism, they are by design ill equipped to accommodate collective memory. Traditional rules of evidence and professional conduct often exhibit a single-minded focus on individual representation by replicating models that assume one client who autonomously makes legal decisions without consulting his or her community. Bound by these rules, attorneys must disrupt or even dismantle collective memory, thereby retraumatizing their clients.
In this article, I offer an alternative. I believe that human rights attorneys should instead endeavor to preserve and promote collective memory. For that reason, I urge a fundamental rethinking of the law’s preference for individual memory in the context of transitional justice. I believe that the inclusion of collective memory would better serve the goals of transitional justice by facilitating a more complete understanding of the collective harms of mass atrocity and possibly advancing reconciliation.
Today and tomorrow, Opinio Juris will feature comments on my article from four distinguished scholars:
• Mark A. Drumbl is the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law and Director of the Transnational Law Institute at Washington & Lee University.
• Naomi Roht-Arriaza is Distinguished Professor of Law, University of California, Hastings College of Law (and a fellow IntLawGrrl! –Ed.).
• Ruti Teitel is Ernst C. Stiefel Professor of Comparative Law at New York Law School.
• Johan D. van der Vyver is the I.T. Cohen Professor of International Law and Human Rights, Emory University School of Law.
Tomorrow, I will respond to their comments. I welcome you to join the conversation by posting your thoughts here.
After abusive tweets to 12-year-old TV show contestant, thousands of women and girls take to social media to share experiences of harassment and assault
Contestants in Brazil’s 2015 Junior MasterChef TV show. Sexual tweets directed against a young participant have opened up a national debate. Photograph: Carol Gherardi/Band TV
Thousands of Brazilian women and girls have joined an online campaign to share their experiences of harassment and assault after abusive and sexually explicit tweets directed at a 12-year-old contestant on the country’s Junior MasterChefsparked a national debate on the issue.
More than 82,000 stories have been shared on Facebook, Twitter, and other social media platforms in response to comments posted after the opening episode of the programme, which aired on 20 October.
The remarks were aimed at 12-year-old Valentina Schulz. Comments included: “If there’s consent is it paedophilia?”; “She’s gonna be a porn star at 12”; “This sexy girl is to blame for paedophilia”, and “Valentina doing those dishes: what a bitch”.
The slew of online comments prompted Think Olga, an NGO working for women’s rights, to create the hashtag #primeiroassédio (first harassment), encouraging women to tell stories about the first time they had been assaulted.
Stories of catcalling, inappropriate touching, abuse and rape were quickly shared online, and an analysis of 3,111 tweets found that the average age at which girls were first assaulted was just nine.
Using data from 26 countries, the researchers estimated that seven out of every 1,000 women aged 15–44 in developing regions were treated for complications resulting from unsafe procedures. Because many women who experience complications do not receive medical care for them, the actual number of women injured by unsafe procedures is likely far greater. Previous research has estimated that around 40% of women requiring treatment do not receive the care they need.
• The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) lay out a new roadmap to improve the lives of people throughout the world over the next 15 years.
• Sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights issues are currently featured on the SDG agenda, but opportunities exist to expand their presence at both the global and national levels, by establishing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR)–specific indicators to measure progress toward the SDGs.
• The United States has a major role to play over the next 15 years—through the lending of technical expertise and financial investment—to make SRHR priorities related to the SDGs a reality.
At the United Nations (UN) General Assembly gathering in September 2015, member states held a special summit to consider and adopt a global development agenda for the next 15 years, a plan of action for “people, planet and prosperity” entitled the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).1The SDGs are ambitious in their size and scope, consisting of 17 goals and 169 targets that are applicable to all countries, rich and poor equally, and take into account the economic, social and environmental challenges of our world. They differ from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that preceded them by focusing not only on meeting the needs of the world’s poor but also on sustainable development—that is, “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”2 This expansive approach involves all sectors of society and a host of topics, including ending hunger, promoting access to efficient energy sources, enhancing economic growth and employment, promoting health and well-being, and achieving gender equality.
Gritos contra la violencia machista en una marcha histórica y masiva en Madrid. Han llegado de toda España para decir 'basta ya' al asesinato de mujeres a manos de sus parejas o exparejas. Decenas de miles de personas exigen que la lucha contra la violencia machista sea una cuestión de Estado, con más medios para que no se produzca ni una muerte más.
Canada's Ministry of Indigenous and Northern Affairs has a new title, a new leader and a new stance on a potential inquiry into missing and murdered indigenous women.
Following her swearing-in for the post, Carolyn Bennett said the issue was "hugely important" and she wanted to promptly begin her work on the issue -- but not before consulting with the families of victims.
Madrid, 29 octubre. 15, AmecoPress. El 7 de noviembre de 2015, a las 12h, mujeres y colectivos feministas de todo el territorio español marcharán juntas a Madrid para exigir que la lucha contra las violencias machistas sea una Cuestión de Estado. Les acompañarán organizaciones políticas, sociales y culturales, gentes diversas que decidan apoyar esta movilización. La Marcha saldrá desde el Ministerio de Sanidad en el Paseo del Prado hasta Plaza de España.
Desde que fuera lanzada la convocatoria se ha venido invitando a toda la población civil a que se sume a esta Marcha, ya que la erradicación de las violencias machistas y las violencias hacia las mujeres es una cuestión que atañe a toda la sociedad. Desde entonces, fotos con el mensaje “7N: yo voy” han inundado las redes sociales.
Activistas, integrantes de grupos, mujeres y hombres a título individual, se han manifestado a favor de esta gran movilización que denuncia la “inacción por parte de la justicia y de los gobiernos” frente a las violencias machistas y reclama que toda la sociedad y sus organizaciones e instituciones se comprometan en la lucha por su erradicación.
“Women on the Run” was based on interviews conducted with 160 women recently forced to flee their homes in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras – the “Northern Triangle of Central America”, or (NTCA) - and parts of Mexico to escape growing violence in their communities.
They described in detail how criminal armed groups terrorize populations to establish control over large areas of these countries, and how women in particular are targeted by specific and extreme forms of gender-based violence.
“Everything affects you because there a woman is worthless,” explained Lana, one of the women interviewed for the report. “It is as though your life is not worth anything. They rape. There is no limit. There is no authority. There is no one to stop them.”
While governments in the region have made efforts to address root causes of violence, people continue to flee. The region has some of the highest murder rates in the world, especially of women.
While some of the women flee towards the United States, many others escape to neighboring states in Central America and Mexico where applications for asylum from people fleeing the three NTCA countries and parts of Mexico – have skyrocketed thirteenfold since 2008.
According to U.S. government statistics, 82 percent of 16,077 women from these countries who were interviewed by U.S. authorities in the last year were found to have a credible fear of persecution or torture and were allowed to pursue their claims for asylum in the United States.
El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras have some of the highest homicide rates in the world, especially for women. Each day, more and more people are forced to flee the region to seek safety. This is a looming refugee crisis.
It is the role of the United Nations Refugee Agency to work with governments to provide protection and solutions for refugees around the world. To better understand the crisis that is growing in the Americas, UNHCR spoke with 160 women like Alba, who shared their horrifying stories of persecution to US authorities and were allowed to pursue their cases for asylum. Many mothers and their children flee their homes to protect themselves from serious harms such as murder, extortion, and rape at the hands of the maras, who are criminal armed groups that control large parts of the region. Their reach surpasses the governments’ ability to respond and protect their own citizens. These are the stories of refugees.
Deputy Ben Fields of the Richland, SC police department is seen on video body slamming a teenage girl for refusing to leave class. This happened in school and in front of other students and the teacher. Turns out, Deputy Fields has a reputation for brutality towards students in Spring Valley High. Criminalizing the behavior of Black students in school does not help them or the school. This is not just about a bad apple, but a bad way of thinking about an entire segment of this society.We must stop the school-to-prison pipeline by ending the use of police to solve normal childhood behavioral issues.That's why I signed a petition to Nikki Haley, Governor, Daniel E Johnson, Richland County Solicitor, and School Board, Richland County, SC.Will you sign this petition?
Since the 1990s, federal law has barred those convicted of domestic abuse from legally buying guns. But existing law suffers from a "stalker gap," a "boyfriend gap" and a "restraining-order gap." Individuals convicted of misdemeanor stalking offenses are not barred from passing background checks and buying guns. In addition, abusers who are not married, do not live together or do not share a child -- those in dating relationships -- aren't covered by the ban.
More controversially, although abusers subject to permanent restraining orders cannot legally possess or purchase guns, no such prohibition applies in situations where only a temporary order is in place. In other words, the protections are lowest at precisely the point when women are in the greatest danger.
The numbers demonstrate both the gender gap in the nature of violent crime and how deadly these loopholes may be.
As to the gender gap: Women are less likely than men to be the victims of violent crime, but when they are, the perpetrator is far more likely to be someone they know. Between 2003 and 2012, one-third of female murder victims were killed by a male intimate partner, compared with 2.5 percent of men, according to figures analyzed by the Center for American Progress.
More than half of these killings were committed with guns. The numbers are staggering: 6,410 deaths, more than the total number of U.S. troops who have died in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Indeed, according to a study by the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, having a gun in the house increases the risk of intimate-partner homicide by eight times compared to households without guns -- and 20-fold when there is a history of domestic violence.
Annotation: This bulletin consolidates current knowledge on best practices for interviewing children in cases of alleged abuse, based on recommendations from several major forensic interview training programs.
Abstract: Individual characteristics, interviewer behavior, family relationships, community influences, and cultural and societal attitudes determine whether, when, and how a particular child will disclose abuse. Although the literature cautions against duplicate interviews, some children require more time to become comfortable with the process and the interviewer. Encouraging children to provide detailed responses early in the interview improves descriptions later in the interview. Interviewers should ask open-ended questions and allow for silence or hesitation before moving to more direct, focused prompts. Although focused questions may encourage greater detail in a child’s responses, they may also encourage erroneous responses if the child feels pressured to please the interviewer. Other suggestions are to conduct the interview as soon as possible after initial disclosure; record the interview electronically; hold the interview in a child-friendly environment; and consider the child’s age, developmental capabilities, and culture. Suggestions are also offered on building rapport with the child.
“My mom raised me to be a feminist," Trudeau said during the Up for Debate seminar on women’s issues in September. "My father raised me, he was a different generation but he raised me to respect and defend everyone’s rights, and I deeply grounded my own identity in that, and I am proud to say that I am a feminist.”
At the top of Trudeau’s list is a pledge to launch an inquiry into the nearly 1,300 murdered and missing Aboriginal women, such as Winnipeg girl Tina Fontaine, whose body was found in that city’s Red River.
“I believe that there is a need for a national public inquiry to bring justice for the victims, healing for the families and to put an end to this tragedy," said Trudeau on his first full day as prime-minister designate. "That’s what we will do. We will work with communities and with engaged stakeholders to ensure that we get moving on this quick
garantizar la legitimidad de visibilizar las problemáticas que se derivan de
una legislación absolutista respecto al
aborto en la vida, salud y libertad de las mujeres. Las defensoras que alzan su
voz en la exigencia de justicia por las mujeres en situación de pobreza
que han sido criminalizadas por una
problemática de salud pública, requieren de mucho coraje y valentía en un contexto conservador y
fundamentalista como el caso de El Salvador. De ahí que sea de vital
importancia proteger y promover el sentido democrático y de ciudadanía activa que implica el del Derecho a defender Derechos
Humanos, practicado por las defensoras y
defensores de la Colectiva Feminista para el Desarrollo Local y la Agrupación
Ciudadana por la Despenalización del aborto en El Salvador.
En este país no sólo se criminaliza a las mujeres que han tenido un aborto espontáneo o que estarían necesitando realizarse un aborto, sino que grupos fundamentalistas católicos pro-vida se ocupan de montar campañas de difamación contra las activistas que defienden a esas mujeres, utilizando no sólo plataformas virtuales, si no a uno de los diarios de mayor circulación de El Salvador ,y que en sus niveles más altos tienen gente ligada a aquellos grupos.
AWID spoke with Alejandra Burgos, from «Colectiva Feminista para el Desarrollo Local» (Feminist Collective for Local Development) and Morena Herrera, President of «Agrupación Ciudadana para la despenalización del aborto» (Citizens' Group for the Decriminalization of Abortion) about the new wave of slander attacks that both organizations have been receiving from religious fundamentalist groups in El Salvador.
El Salvador is one of seven countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region where abortion is forbidden on all grounds. Not only are women who have had a spontaneous abortion or need an abortion criminalized, pro-life Catholic fundamentalist groups also carry out smear campaigns against activists who defend these women, using both virtual platforms and, in this case, one of the major newspapers in El Salvador, which has links to fundamentalist groups among its most senior staff.