Womens Justice Center



















The Liberation of Women's Energy
Will Change the World.


La liberación de la energía de la mujer cambiará el mundo


o provide advocacy, free of charge, for victims of rape, domestic violence, and child abuse, particularly in the Latina and other under served communities of Sonoma County. To provide advocacy training and community education. To promote more women and minorities in our law enforcement agencies. To commit to equal justice for all women and girls.


rindar una defensa gratuita a víctimas de violación, violencia doméstica y abuso infantil, particularmente en las comunidades hispanas y otras que no son atendidas adecuadamente en el condado de Sonoma. Proveer capacitación en defensa pública y educación comunitaria. Incrementar el número de mujeres y personas pertenecientes a minorías en nuestras agencias de aplicación de justicia. Comprometernos con la justicia igualitaria para todas las mujeres y las niñas.



News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

Document URL:  FULL PDF ONLINE  
Publication Date:  April 2017
Annotation:  This study provides benchmark data on the proportion of people in Illinois who have been impacted by crime and the needs that resulted from their victimization, and it also determined how victims’ needs are being met by Illinois victim service providers and where gaps in such services currently exist.
Abstract:  The study determined that 55 percent of adults in Illinois have been crime victims in their lifetimes, and among these victims, 21 percent reported criminal victimization within the past 2 years, with many of the crimes occurring in Chicago and its suburbs. Ten percent or less of the crimes were gang-related or involved guns. More frequently, Illinois residents reported being victims of identity theft and scams (25 percent), physical assault (21 percent), child abuse (20 percent), domestic violence (20 percent), robbery (15 percent), or rape/sexual assault (14 percent). Forty-six percent indicated they reported their victimization to law enforcement; reasons given for failure to report were police inability to help or police would blame or not believe them. Counseling and mental health services were most often mentioned as victimization-related needs. Victims of violent crimes were more likely to mention the need for mental health services, along with the need for civil legal assistance in cases of domestic violence or child abuse. About one-third to one-half of victims who indicated their need for help did not receive it, often because they did not know that such services were available for crime victims or did not know how to obtain such services. Recommendations pertain to education and outreach initiatives, initial response to victims, strategies for delivering victim support, and support for under-served victims. 11 tables and appended methodological materials

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 Female genital mutilation follows immigrant women and girls to America

Women and girls who immigrate from countries where female genital mutilation is common are not immune to the practice even after they arrive in the U.S., according to the United Nations. (Reuters)

By Abigail Hauslohner May 25 

Minnesota state Rep. Mary Franson received a note from a friend last year urging her to draft stricter legislation against female genital mutilation. The state already had banned the practice in 1994, so the Republican worried that a new law would seem “Islamophobic,” given its target audience.

One case changed her mind.

Federal prosecutors last month charged three Michigan doctors with putting two Minnesota girls under the knife. The parents of one girl — ostensibly complicit in the procedure — lost custody “for a whopping 72 hours,” Franson told lawmakers on the floor of the Minnesota statehouse last week.

Now she wants Minnesota to pass a bill that would send perpetrators to prison for up to 20 years, targeting parents as well as doctors.

“We’re saying that if you harm your child in this way, you’re going to be held responsible,” she said.

Female genital mutilation has been a federal crime in the United States for more than two decades, carrying a maximum sentence of five years in prison. But the three doctors are the first to be charged under the law. The case has set off a flurry of new bills across the country, with a growing number of states moving to extend penalties to the parents and hit them with lengthy prison terms.

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Three days after declaring martial law in the rebellious southern Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte ordered his troops to crush the militants, and gave a speech to inspire them:

“You can arrest any person, search any house,” Duterte told the soldiers Friday.

“I alone would be responsible” for anything they did under martial law, he said. “I will go to jail for you. If you happen to have raped three women, I will own up to it.”

This last comment — absolving his soldiers for any future rapes — was widely reported as a joke, and if it was, it wouldn't be the ruler's first attempt at the genre.

Before he won the presidency last year, Duterte joked that he “should have been first” in the gang rape of a woman who was held hostage, raped and killed in the 1980s.

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A labour ward for teenage expectant mothers in Caracas, Venezuela. Photograph: Graeme Robertson for the Guardian

By Nicola Davis - 16 May 2017

Pregnancy complications are the leading cause of death globally among females aged 15-19, with self-harm in second place, a global study has found.

More than 1.2 million female and male adolescents die annually, the World Health Organization (WHO) report said – the majority from preventable causes including mental health issues, poor nutrition, reproductive health problems and violence.

The authors said that failing to tackle the health of 10- to 19-year-olds could undermine the improvements achieved in maternal and child health worldwide, pointing out that too often adolescent health was overlooked.

“By investing in adolescent health, you actually get a triple benefit because you get a healthier adolescent now, that healthier adolescent becomes a healthier, more productive adult in the near future, and also for those who have children, they become a more healthy parent,” said David Ross, lead author of the study. “If you have a healthy parent, that spills over into a healthy child.”

The WHO surveyed the causes of death for 10- to 19-year-olds in 2015. It found that the leading cause, globally, was road injuries, which caused 115,300 such deaths.

The next biggest killers were:

  • Lower respiratory infections such as pneumonia.
  • Self-harm.
  • Diarrhoeal diseases.
  • Drowning.

There were considerable differences when the results were compartmentalised by sex and age.

For girls aged 10-14, the leading cause of death was lower respiratory infections, but the biggest problems for those aged 15-19 were maternal conditions including haemorrhage, complications from unsafe abortion and obstructed labour. These occurrences led to 10.1 deaths for every 100,000 individuals.

For boys in both age groups, the leading cause of death was injury from road accidents, with drowning the second leading cause for the younger age group and violence in second place for boys aged 15-19.

World Health Organization – WHO – Fact Sheet 2017 - ADOLESCENTS: HEALTH RISKS & SOLUTIONS

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs345/en/

ARTICLE CONTINUES HERE

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The researchers interviewed 603 women working in the sex industry in the Mexican cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez

By Sebastien Malo

NEW YORK, May 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Girls being trafficked for sex in northern Mexico often have been forced into exploitation as under-age child brides by their husbands, a study showed on Thursday.

Three out of four girls trafficked in the region were married at a young age, mostly before age 16, according to Mexican and U.S. researchers in a yet-unpublished study.

Human trafficking is believed to be the fastest-growing criminal industry in Mexico, and three-quarters of its victims are sexually exploited women and girls, according to Women United Against Trafficking, an activist group.

Under a 2012 anti-trafficking law, those convicted of the crime can spend up to 30 years in prison.

Nevertheless, nearly 380,000 people are believed to be enslaved in Mexico, according to the 2016 Global Slavery Index published by rights group Walk Free Foundation.

The researchers interviewed 603 women working in the sex industry in the Mexican cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, both along the border with the United States.

Most said they had been trafficked as under-age brides, often by their husbands, said Jay Silverman, the study's lead author and a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego.

In about half the cases, the brides were pregnant, so healthcare workers could play a critical role in thwarting sex trafficking, the researchers said.

"Within being provided pregnancy-related care, there's the opportunity of interviewing that girl to understand her situation," Silverman told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

ARTICLE CONTINUES

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Survivors of violence face real barriers when trying to access safe housing – barriers caused by the power and control dynamics of abuse, a need for safety and confidentiality, economic instability, the effects of trauma, and the lack of affordable housing in communities. Nobody should have to choose between staying in an unsafe home and having no home at all.

This collection offers a doorway to the resources available through Safe Housing Partnerships, a project of the federal Domestic Violence and Housing Technical Assistance Consortium. The Consortium is an innovative, collaborative approach to providing training, technical assistance, and resource development at the critical intersection of domestic and sexual violence, homelessness, and housing.

The resources and tools included here are provided to advance your work at the critical intersection of domestic violence, sexual assault, homelessness, and housing.

SEE RESOURCES HERE

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Escasa aplicación de leyes e impunidad de agresores


CIMACFoto: César Martínez López, Por: Montserrat Antúnez Estrada

La violencia sexual y el embarazo infantil sigue siendo ignorados por los Estados Latinoamericanos que son parte de la Convención Interamericana para Prevenir, Sancionar y Erradicar la Violencia y prueba de ello son los 2 millones de partos de niñas menores de 15 años que hay anualmente en el mundo, América Latina y el Caribe, la única región donde los casos aumentaron y donde se prevé que sigan creciendo hasta el 2030.

Así lo afirmó la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA), basada en datos de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), en su más reciente estudio titulado “Informe hemisférico sobre violencia sexual y embarazo infantil en los Estados Parte de la Convención de Belém do Pará”, publicado el pasado 24 de marzo en el sitio web del Observatorio de Igualdad de Género de América Latina y el Caribe de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas. 

En el estudio, el Mecanismo de Seguimiento de la Convención de Belém do Pará (MESECVI) destaca que las niñas y adolescentes en América Latina y El Caribe representan más del 20 por ciento de la población, por lo que urgió a trabajar en políticas públicas en pro de los derechos de esta población, en un contexto donde, de acuerdo a cifras de la OMS citadas en el informe, en América Latina una de cada cinco mujeres asegura haber sufrido abuso sexual en la infancia.

Además, resaltó el MESECVI en el informe realizado con el objetivo de dar seguimiento a lo planteado en la Convención de Belém do Pará (1994), la violencia sexual contra las niñas y adolescentes es también del tipo estructural, porque los Estados siguen sin garantizar una vida libre de violencia para este sector.

Las niñas y adolescentes siguen siendo obligadas a continuar con su embarazo por prohibiciones legales de la interrupción del embarazo y por la falta de información otorgada a las víctimas; además, existen legislaciones que perpetúan los estereotipos de género y no hay protocolos de actuación en países donde el aborto es legal. 

MÉXICO EN CIFRAS

CONTINUA

 

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Los casos de denuncias contra integrantes de la Iglesia católica que se conocieron a partir del escándalo del padre Julio César Grassi en 2002

12 de mayo de 2017

Abusos, silencio, protección. Este entramado se repite en muchos de los 62 casos denunciados en la Argentina desde 2002, luego de que estallara el escándalo del padre Julio César Grassi.

Una investigación de la Agencia Télam –de las periodistas Lucía Toninello y Mariana García–, deja al descubierto que la denuncia contra Grassi no es un hecho aislado: desde entonces cuatro nuevas denuncias se sumaron por año y sólo tres casos fueron sancionados con la máxima pena prevista por el derecho canónico: la expulsión del sacerdocio.

Julio César Grassi (Télam)

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Expanding Mexico City Policy will 'cause unspeakable damage to integrated care efforts across all health sectors,' says one NGO boss

Women and children will die after the Trump administration instituted a new "global gag rule" that blocks aid groups from providing information about abortions if they receive US funding, it has been claimed.

The rule now applies to groups receiving US funds to fight HIV/Aids or even malaria and covers nearly $9 billion (£7 billion) in aid, rather than the $600m (£465 million) restricted by the original Mexico City Policy.

Suzanne Ehlers, president of the PAI reproductive health NGO, said the move would "cause unspeakable damage to integrated care efforts across all health sectors". She added: "It will cost many around the world their lives, especially women."

PAI said the rules - dubbed the Protecting Life in Global Health Assistance programme - would cause unsafe abortions, unintended pregnancies and child mortality to rise.

Shannon Kowalski, policy director at the International Women's Health Coalition, called the programme "cruel and unusual punishment". She told The Independent: "Instead of protecting life, it will increase maternal deaths by putting essential sexual and reproductive health care out of reach for far too many women."

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SEE ALSO:

Trump expansion of abortion 'gag rule' will restrict $8.8 billion in US aid

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    • Trump to widen ‘Mexico City policy’, which had been suspended under Obama
    • Rule will prevent foreign aid going to groups that even discuss abortion rights

     

    A health clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Trump’s rule blocks US aid to any organization that discusses abortion as part of a family planning service.

     A health clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Trump’s rule blocks US aid to any organization that discusses abortion as part of a family planning service. Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

    The Trump administration will significantly expand a Reagan-era policy banning foreign aid to international healthcare providers who discuss abortion, a White House official has told the Christian Broadcasting Network.

    The new terms of the ban will reportedly apply to $8.8bn in existing foreign aid provided by the state department, USAid, and the Department of Defense – dwarfing the $60m in programming that previously fell under the ban.

    The change in policy will not cut the amount of foreign aid distributed through existing channels. But it will prevent those funds from going to any organization that promotes abortion rights.

    “Votes in America have international consequences,” said Marjorie Dannenfelser, the president of the Susan B Anthony List, an anti-abortion political action committee. “The [policy] implemented today is one of the reasons pro-life voters worked to elect Donald Trump to the White House. We have officially ceased exporting abortion to foreign nations.”

    State department officials are expected to formally announce the new rules as early as Monday.

    Critics say the rule will put thousands of international healthcare workers in the difficult position of deciding whether to continue to offer family planning care that includes abortion at the expense of a crucial funding stream.

    Worldwide, unsafe abortions are a major cause of maternal mortality and kill tens of thousands of women every year.

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    This day we honor and celebrate 
    the women who have given life to us, 
    the women who give life to ideas, 
    the women who died giving life, 
    the women who wanted to have a child, but didn’t get to, 
    the women who right now 
    are tilling their fertile soil for new seed, 
    this is for the women who choose not to have a child 
    but have many children in their lives, 
    the women who are in captivity, 
    the women who are free, 
    those who were mothered well, 
    and those who had crazy mamas, 
    because any mama that did not love you well, 
    was not well enough, 
    this is for the women who are struggling 
    this moment to care for their babies, 
    and the women who right now 
    snuggle with little ones under feather comforters, 
    for those whose mamas have gone on, 
    and for those who are mamas to be, 
    for women who miscarried precious life, 
    and those who carried many, 
    for single mamas who want their mate, 
    and for married mamas who want to be seen and heard, 
    for those who never got to have a mama hold them, 
    and most of all… 
    for all women and men 
    who are in need re-mothering.

    By Shiloh Sophia

    About the artist/poet

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    Protesters gather to denounce President Trump’s immigration policies on May 1 in D.C. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

    Police departments from California to New Jersey have reported a decrease in crime reporting in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods, which some local law enforcement officials believe could be related to the nation’s impassioned immigration debate.

    Law enforcement officials say the debate might be affecting their relationship with minority communities, and they are especially concerned that undocumented immigrants are becoming more hesitant to engage with police and report crimes because they fear deportation.

    “It looks like they’re going further into the shadows, and there appears to be a chilling effect in the reporting of violent crime by members of the Hispanic community,” Houston Police Chief Art Acevedo said.

    Acevedo recently announced that new data shows a 13 percent decrease in violent crime reporting by Hispanics in Houston during the first three months of 2017 compared to the first three months of 2016; it also shows a 12 percent increase in violent crime reporting by non-Hispanics. Houston saw a 43 percent drop in the number of Hispanics reporting rape and sexual assault, while there was an 8 percent rise in the number of non-Hispanics reporting such crimes. There was also a 12 percent decline in reports of aggravated assault and a 12 percent decline in reports of robbery among the Hispanic population, the chief said.

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    Da’esh has stunned the world with gross human rights abuses, gendered violence, and practices of sexual slavery, and yet, the organization has attracted a large amount of female recruits. Women who have joined Da’esh have been met with a storm of disbelief and gendered commentary, and have even been designated their own term – ‘jihadi brides’. This policy brief by Ester Strommen from PluriCourts, the University of Oslo, explores agency and women in Da’esh: why women join, their roles, and how women are treated if they return to the West. The brief illuminates how gendered understandings of Western female foreign fighters are affecting judicial processes and potentially creating gaps in our security structure. It examines how gendered narratives in sentencing may be in conflict with UNSCRes 2178 and CEDAW.

    Read the full policy brief here.

    Ester Strømmen is research assistant at PluriCourts at the Department of Public and International Law, University of Oslo, Norway.  

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    Study reveals rising number of Mexican girls in relationships and marriages with older men and casts fresh light on causes of child marriage in Latin America

    Luz Betsaida Orozco Pineda

    Luz Betsaida Orozco Pineda, who fell pregnant at 13 after she was ‘stolen’ in accordance with Zapotec tradition, is seen with her baby at their home in Juchitán de Zaragoza, Mexico. Photograph: Bénédicte Desrus/Alamy

    Hundreds of thousands of young girls across Mexico are being driven into relationships and marriages with older men, denying them a childhood and an education, new research reveals.

    Of the 320,000-plus Mexican girls between the ages of 12 and 17 who are cohabiting, nearly 70% are with a partner who is at least 11 years their senior, according to a report commissioned by the Ford Foundation.

    The data represents part of a wider trend across Latin America, the only region in the world where child marriage is increasing rather than in decline.

    Researchers found that 83% of married girls had left school, with the number rising to 92% among those living informally with a man. In contrast, just 15% of Mexican girls not in such relationships dropped out of school.

    The findings, due to be published next month by a Mexico City-based research group, also show that 25,000 girls aged between 12 and 14 are living in “early unions”.

    The report comes weeks after the secretary general of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, issued a statement pledging to tackle child marriage in Latin America. “With one in five girls married or living in informal unions before the age of 18 we are losing entire generations to poverty, discrimination and violence,” he said.

    In Mexico, more than 10% of girls are married under the age of 15. Worldwide, the country has the eighth highest number of child marriages (pdf).

    While many girls are driven into relationships as a means of acquiring status and security – or to attempt to escape poverty and violence at home – early unions often perpetuate a cycle of abuse and deprivation rooted in gender inequality

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    SEE ALSO:

    Quinceanera Expo English

    Quinceanera Expo Espanol

     

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    People with disabilities are among the most discriminated against in Bolivia. Fed up of being ignored, a group of them marched across the Andes to the seat of the Government in La Paz, asking to speak with President Evo Morales. They are met with riot police, barricades, tear gas and water cannons.

    Headed by a group of determined leaders such as; Rose Mery, Marcelo, Feliza and Miguel, the protestors set camp in the streets, a block from the main Plaza where the Government palace is located. For the first time in Bolivia’s history, the police erect 3m high barricades, station tanks and hundreds of riot police to stop the protestors in wheelchairs from entering the plaza.

    Violent confrontations flare up between police and the people with disabilities, including the use of pepper spray and water cannon on the protestors. The government refuses to discuss their request for a pension of $70 a month and the protestors suspend themselves from the city's bridges in their wheelchairs.

    As public pressure grows, can Rose Mery and her fellow wheelchair-bound protestors win their fight?

    Read our article about the changes the protests have caused since this film was shot - https://www.theguardian.com/global-de...

    Directors, producers and editors: Violeta Ayala and Dan Fallshaw
    Co-producers: Fernando Barbosa and Andrea Monasterios
    Executive producers for the Guardian: Charlie Phillips, Lindsay Poulton and Laurence Topham
    This video is produced in collaboration with the Sundance Institute Short Documentary Fund supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
     

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    Women of Color Network

     
    We are so happy to release the Spring 2017 issue of Women of Color Voices Magazine: #SayHerName Jagged Justice Edition.  

    We are grateful to the artists, activists, advocates and Aspiring Allies that lent their voices and talents to this special edition! We have two version for your viewing, please see:
    1) Quick View FlipBook Magazine by clicking: http://online.fliphtml5.com/gfkr/tnmr/
    2)  Or this format with clickable link here:  https://www.dropbox.com/s/yb0kr5i57jybpwt/2017%20Spring%20Voices.pdf?dl=0
     If you are interested in submitting articles for the Fall Edition, please email Zoe Flowers atzflowers@wocninc.org with your proposed article content, or look for the upcoming request for articles coming soon.

    Thank you, WOCN, Inc.
    We are so happy to release the Spring 2017 issue
    Let us know how we are doing!  The contact information is located in the Update, feel free to reach out anytime. Thank you!

     follow on Twitter | friend on Facebook | forward to a friend 

    Copyright © 2017 Women of Color Network, Inc., All rights reserved. 
    Previous subscription from WOCN Infolink 
    Our mailing address is: 
    Women of Color Network, Inc.

    1519 N. 3rd Street

    Harrisburg, PA 17102
    Add us to your address book
     

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    Women’s Media Training Toolkit

    Author: 

    Date: April 28, 2017

    If you need to know more about how to communicate your campaign to others, this Media Training Toolkit will help you. It introduces basic ‘need to know’ information about telling your stories to new audiences using photography and social media, and gives advice on engaging with mainstream media.

    Direct Link to Full 44-Page 2017 Women’s Media Training Toolkit:

    http://globalforestcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/women2030-media-tooklit.pdf

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    Hablar para no morir

    Los testimonios que reúne Lula Gómez en el documental ‘Mujeres al frente. La ley de las más nobles’, reivindican la participación de las mujeres en el proceso de paz en Colombia

    Madrid, 27 abril. 17. Amecopress. Las mujeres siempre han sufrido las consecuencias de la guerra, en mayor medida y de un modo diferente a los hombres. Aunque no hayan formado parte de las decisiones que las desencadenan. Aunque no se cuente con ellas cuando el conflicto acaba. Colombia es el primer país donde las mujeres están participando en los procesos de paz. Y, como la misma ONU reconoce, esa es la mejor garantía para que la paz perdure. Si este argumento no te convence, revisa el extraordinario trabajo de la periodista Lula Gómez, que en su documental ‘Mujeres al frente’ recoge el testimonio de siete mujeres colombianas que hartas de la guerra y el patriarcado, optaron por soluciones alternativas a la violencia. 
    JPEG

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    EXCERPT: 

    "Women are not being given the credit for having skills such as being strategic and good planners and being able to mediate rather than resort to physical force," said Sheriff Sadie Darnell of the Alachua County Sheriff's Office in Gainesville, Florida, and a member of the Generation W panel. "I think the numbers definitely show there's less brutality complaints when you have women more integrated with the public safety force."

    There are certainly fewer women than men on the force -- with just 13% of women in the overall police force today, according to the National Center for Women and Policing -- but there still appear to be fewer complaints against female police on average versus male police, Jay Newton-Small reports in her book "Broad Influence: How Women are Changing the Way America Works."

    An all-female law enforcement panel at a recent women's conference.

    The average male officer is 8½ times more likely to have an excessive force complaint against him than a woman, according to an analysis by the National Center for Women and Policing. (PDF) When it comes to excessive force liability lawsuits, the average male officer costs between 2½ and 5½ times more than the average female police officer. The average male officer is two to three times more likely to have been named in a citizen's excessive force complaint.

    Newton-Small, in a story for Time magazine, said that studies show women "tend to draw their weapons less, look for nonphysical solutions and are much better at community outreach."

    This doesn't mean female officers never use excessive force. A case in Tulsa, Oklahoma, last year received national attention after a white female police officer was charged in the shooting death of an unarmed black motorist. But the overwhelming majority of police-involved shootings involve men.

    SEE FULL ARTICLE

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    http://www.inclusivepeace.org/content/making-women-count-not-just-counting-women-assessing-womens-inclusion-and-influence-peace

    Direct Link to Full 64-Page 2016 Publicationhttp://www.inclusivepeace.org/sites/default/files/IPTI-UN-Women-Report-Making-Women-Count-60-Pages.pdf

    cid:image003.png@01D2C1FA.87B55B40

    Fifteen years after the adoption of the landmark UN Security Council Resolution 1325, women remain significantly underrepresented in peace and transitional processes. A central challenge is the lack of evidence-based knowledge on the precise role and impact of women’s inclusion on peace processes. When women have been included in the past, it was mainly due to normative pressure applied by women’s groups and their international supporters.

    This report is based on results from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies’ multi-year research project entitled “Broadening Participation in Political Negotiations and Implementation” (2011-ongoing), and was originally prepared as an input to the Global Study in preparation for the High-level Review on the Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325.

    This publication is also available in SpanishRussianArabic and French

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    Brain injury a 'significant' issue for women who survive violence, but most research focuses on men

    About 500,000 Canadians have dementia, according to the Alzheimer's Society of Toronto, and researchers would like to know if traumatic brain injury causes it to progress more quickly.

    About 500,000 Canadians have dementia, according to the Alzheimer's Society of Toronto, and researchers would like to know if traumatic brain injury causes it to progress more quickly. (Hayden Bird/iStock )Between 30 and 80 percent of women who survive intimate partner violence may have a traumatic brain injury — but there's almost no research into how such an injury specifically affects women, according to Angela Colantonio, who helps lead an international task force on girls and women with acquired brain injury.

    "It's been a very neglected field," said Colantonio, who is also director of the Rehabilitation Sciences Institute at the University of Toronto.

    si-Angela-Colantonio

    Angela Colantonio, a scientist at the University of Toronto, studies the effects of acquired brain injuries on girls and women. (Submitted by Angela Colantonio)

    "We are just starting to research how women's bodies are different in terms of brain injury, and what the implications are for care," she said.  

    "One injury that is specifically neglected is the injury of women in an intimate-partner violence context."

    Repeated blows

    When women are abused, Colantonio said, "up to 92 percent of the hits are to the head," meaning women suffer repeated injuries that are associated with a wide constellation of long-term effects.

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    from intlawgrrls, With this post I would like to discusses some of the arguments developed in my newly published book with Cambridge University Press ‘Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered: Conceptual Limits and States’ Positive Obligations in European Law’ (2017) and the more recent developments in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) under Article 4 of the (ECHR): the right not to be held in slavery, servitude and forced labour and not to be subjected to human trafficking.

    Against the backdrop of the rich judicial output of the ECtHR, the case law under Article 4 ECHR is scarce. To be more precise, the existing judgments in which the Court has dealt with abuses inflicted by non-state actors (i.e. employers) reaching the level of severity of Article 4 are eight:[1] Siliadin v. FranceRantsev v. Cyprus and RussiaC.N. and V. v. FranceC.N. v. The United KingdomM. and Others v. Italy and Bulgaria (the complaint under Article 4 was found inadmissible in this case), L.E. v. Greece[2]J. and Others v. Austria[3]and Chowdury and Others v. Greece. By way of comparison, the judicial output of other human rights bodies regarding the right not to be held in slavery, servitude and forced labour, has not been much richer. The Human Rights Committee has not issued so far a single communication under Article 8 of the ICCPR concerning circumstances that can be generally described as contemporary forms of slavery and human trafficking.[4] The ECOWAS Community Court of Justice has delivered one judgment Hadijatou Mani KoraouNo. ECW/CCJ/JUD/06/08, 27 October 2008, where it found Niger in violation of the prohibition of slavery as set out in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights; however the factual circumstances can be rather described as de jure rather than de facto slavery. Finally, it was only on 20 October 2016, when the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued its first judgment under Article 6 (freedom from slavery) of the American Convention on Human RightsCase of the Hacienda Brasil Verde Workers v. Brasil.

     

    With this post I would like to discusses some of the arguments developed in my newly published book with Cambridge University Press ‘Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered: Conceptual Limits and States’ Positive Obligations in European Law’ (2017) and the more recent developments in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) under Article 4 of the (ECHR): the right not to be held in slavery, servitude and forced labour and not to be subjected to human trafficking.

    Against the backdrop of the rich judicial output of the ECtHR, the case law under Article 4 ECHR is scarce. To be more precise, the existing judgments in which the Court has dealt with abuses inflicted by non-state actors (i.e. employers) reaching the level of severity of Article 4 are eight:[1] Siliadin v. FranceRantsev v. Cyprus and RussiaC.N. and V. v. FranceC.N. v. The United KingdomM. and Others v. Italy and Bulgaria (the complaint under Article 4 was found inadmissible in this case), L.E. v. Greece[2]J. and Others v. Austria[3]and Chowdury and Others v. Greece. By way of comparison, the judicial output of other human rights bodies regarding the right not to be held in slavery, servitude and forced labour, has not been much richer. The Human Rights Committee has not issued so far a single communication under Article 8 of the ICCPR concerning circumstances that can be generally described as contemporary forms of slavery and human trafficking.[4] The ECOWAS Community Court of Justice has delivered one judgment Hadijatou Mani KoraouNo. ECW/CCJ/JUD/06/08, 27 October 2008, where it found Niger in violation of the prohibition of slavery as set out in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights; however the factual circumstances can be rather described as de jure rather than de facto slavery. Finally, it was only on 20 October 2016, when the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued its first judgment under Article 6 (freedom from slavery) of the American Convention on Human RightsCase of the Hacienda Brasil Verde Workers v. Brasil.

     Overall, the scarcity of judicial engagement at international law level with slavery, servitude and forced labour can be described as striking. Since the ECtHR has recently started to engage more often with Article 4 of the ECHR due to new individual applications that have been filed, the Strasbourg Court’s case law might be a valuable source to draw from. In my book ‘Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered: Conceptual Limits and States’ Positive Obligations in European Law’ (CUP, 2017), I review these recent developments under the ECHR and offer a comprehensive analysis of the challenges that needs to be addressed in terms of definitional limits and states’ positive obligations so that human rights law can more effectively respond to the factual reality that reveals that many individuals are subjected to severe forms of exploitation.

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    You can’t fight for economic justice without also fighting for reproductive rights.

    Bernie Sanders traveled to Nebraska this week to throw his support behind Omaha Democratic mayoral candidate, Heath Mello, who is running against the incumbent Republican mayor, Jean Stothert. A Mello win, Sanders has said, would give hope to other “progressive Democrats” in conservative states.

    But Mello’s “progressive” credentials are questionable at best. As a state senator, he co-sponsored a bill mandating that women have an ultrasound before they can have an abortion, saying it represented a “positive first step to reducing the number of abortions in Nebraska.”

    As a populist, Sanders has built a political career protesting economic inequality— and yet by campaigning for Mello, he has demonstrated a willingness to separate economic justice from reproductive justice. (So has Democratic National Committee Chair, Tom Perez, who is also helping to campaign for Mello and who has defended that decision, saying the job of the DNC is to help Democratic candidates win.) But abortion access is not just a medical issue, or even a social one; it is, at its core, also an economic concern. Here’s why.

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    SEE ALSO:

    NO BERNIE, THERE’S NO ECONOMIC JUSTICE WITHOUT ABORTION ACCESS

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    Beliefs and Recommendations Regarding Child Custody and Visitation in Cases Involving Domestic Violence: A Comparison of Professionals in Different RolAuthor:  D. G. Saunders ; K. C. Fuller ; R. M. Tolman, Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:22  Issue:6  Dated:May 2016  Pages:722 to 744

      Publication Date:  05/2016
     

    Abstract   PDF

    Evaluating the Long-Term Effects of Prisoner Reentry Services on Recidivism: What Types of Services Matter?

      Author:  C. A. Visher ; P. K. Lattimore ; K. Barrick ; S. Tueller
      Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:Online First  Dated:February 2016
      Publication Date:  02/2016
      Abstract   PDF

    Hidden Consequences: The Impact of Incarceration on Dependent Children

    Author:  Eric Martin Journal: NIJ Journal  Issue:278  Dated:March 2017, Abstract   HTML  

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    La responsabilidad recae en la sociedad y en el ‘pimponeo’ que les dan las entidades

    “Nos están matando” y ya nos estamos acostumbrando a esa frase. Lo comprobamos una vez más con el asesinato de Claudia Giovanna Rodríguez, cuatro meses después de la violación y muerte de Yuliana Samboní y una semana después del intento de feminicidio de Paola Noreña en Bogotá.

    Eso sin contar los miles de casos en otras ciudades que, lamentablemente, pueden terminar como el del lunes pasado en el centro comercial Santa Fe. Los feminicidios en Colombia se dan la mano y en parte porque las mujeres no encuentran la protección cuando la necesitan: la tramitología las está ‘matando’.

    El mismo Gobierno lo sabe. De hecho, la consejera Presidencial para la Equidad de la Mujer, Martha Ordóñez, quien se pronunció por los casos que se han presentado en los últimos meses, reiteró que es necesario fortalecer todas las acciones de articulación institucional frente a la activación de las rutas de protección, atención y denuncia en los casos de violencias contras las mujeres.

    Señaló que es muy importante el trabajo conjunto y coordinado por las diferentes autoridades con responsabilidad en ese proceso, incluyendo el sector salud, Policía, Fiscalía, justicia, Ministerio Público, entre otras, para que la ruta se active aplicando el principio de debida diligencia y se brinden las condiciones de seguridad necesarias para proteger a las mujeres víctimas.

    En el papel todo se lee bien

    CONTINUA

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