Womens Justice Center




















News Round-up ~ Resumen de noticias


 

Madrid, 17 ene. 17. AmecoPress/medicosypacientes.com.La Jornada “El papel del profesional sanitario en la trata de personas”, organizada por la OMC, a través de su Fundación para la Cooperación Internacional (FCOMCI) y el Consejo Federal de Medicina de Brasil (CFM), concluyó con la "Declaración de Madrid" que condena la trata de seres humanos, considerada como "una profunda violación de los derechos humanos, de la dignidad y de la libertad de la persona". Asimismo, se incluye un documento con las principales conclusiones de este I encuentro hispano-brasileño. - 

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PDF: EL PAPEL DEL PROFESIONAL SANITARIO EN LA TRATA DE PERSONAS

 

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In recent decades, women have accounted for a growing share of America’s police officers, but this growth has been relatively slow and women remain underrepresented in the field. They also sometimes differ sharply from male officers in their views of policing and their experiences, according to a new Pew Research Center survey conducted by the National Police Research Platform.

Women accounted for 12% of full-time local police officers in 2013 (the latest data available) – up from 8% in 1987, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Women made up even smaller shares in department leadership: About one-in-ten supervisors or managers and just 3% of local police chiefs were women in 2013.

The nationwide survey of 7,917 police officers in departments with at least 100 officers finds that many female officers think men in their department are treated better than women when it comes to assignments and promotions. About four-in-ten female officers (43%) say this is the case, compared with just 6% of male officers. By contrast, a third of male officers say women are treated better than men when it comes to assignments and promotions in their department – but just 6% of women say this is the case. Six-in-ten male officers and half of female officers say men and women are treated about the same. 

When it comes to their experiences in the field, women are less likely than men to say they have physically struggled with a suspect who was resisting arrest in the past month (22% vs. 35% of male officers). Six-in-ten female officers say they have been verbally abused by a citizen while on duty in the past month, compared with 69% of men. These differences remain when looking only at officers currently on field assignments, such as a patrol officers and detectives. Most police (72%) say they have never fired their weapon while on duty outside of required training or on a gun range. Female officers are much less likely than male officers to report that they have ever fired their weapon while on duty – 11% of women vs. 30% of men.

There is also a significant gender gap in attitudes on policing, with female officers less likely than their male counterparts to agree that aggressive tactics are sometimes necessary. Among female officers, 48% agree that it is more useful to be aggressive than to be courteous in certain parts of the city, compared with 58% of male officers. A third of female officers – but 46% of male officers – agree that some people can only be brought to reason the hard, physical way.

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As Republicans prepare to defund Planned Parenthood nationally, those left to provide contraception and other services in states which have already done so say women of color and from low-income groups will surely be hit the hardest

The notion that overnight they can serve two million more people who need reproductive health services is absurd

Sara Rosenbaum, professor of health policy

SEE ARTICLE HERE

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Even if it's not the intention, the pink pussy hats send a terrible message about women and girls.

Granted, there’s a need for all forms of protest against the tyrannies on our doorsteps. But multitudes of women marching this Saturday with the planned knitted pink pussy hats planted on their heads is decidedly not one of them. 

The message it sends is loud and clear and pathetic. It’s the antithesis and negation of protest. It says, “Yes, we women are out in droves marching in the streets, but not to worry! We really don’t mean it. We’re not posing a threat to anyone.”

“Our knitted pink pussy hats should reassure you all. We’re still your precious, pretty pink, giddy, petite princesses; your silly, giggly, ditzy pre-adolescent forever little girls posing just the way you like us with a pleasing touch of kiddie porn……even as you ruthlessly strip us and our daughters of all our rights.”

Women’s oppressors have always found it particularly effective to rob women of power by infantilizing us or reducing us to animalized porn. Not surprisingly the media (and here and here and here and here etc.) picked up on the pink pussy hat image in a hot minute and within days has broadcast its ridicule around the world. How on earth is it that women themselves created this image and tens of thousands more are right now mindlessly knitting away to wear one to the marches?

Are we women still that ambivalent and terrified of seriously demanding rights and taking power? Is this cutesy pink pussy hat really the answer we want to give to the thundering threats to our daughters’ rights?

If you can’t see how self-sabotaging, undermining, and damaging this image is to women, and to our daughters, and to all the little girls around the world who are forced in their pink pussy costumes to service men, please, stop and think… Be conscious of the images you’re conjuring and the message you’re sending! The whole world is watching and the world’s children are too. And if you’re still not convinced….

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The organizers of the Women’s March on Washington just released a four-page document outlining the principles and goals of the protest, and it’s the definition of intersectional feminism. 

The Women’s March will take place on Saturday, Jan. 21 in DC with sister marches all over the country (and world) to “affirm our shared humanity and pronounce our bold message of resistance and self-determination,” according to the official platform. After a rocky start, the organizers have put together an inclusive and intersectional policy platform. 

The document lays out the march’s purpose, values and principles, and gives an important nod to movements that came before them: the suffragists and abolitionists, the America Indian Movement, the Civil Rights era, Black Lives Matter, Occupy Wall Street and the fight for LGBTQ rights. 

“Our liberation is bound in each other’s,” the platform states. “The Women’s March on Washington includes leaders of organizations and communities that have been building the foundation for social progress for generations. We welcome vibrant collaboration and honor the legacy of the movements before us.”

The platform also recognizes feminist activists and thought leaders who paved the way for present-day activism: abolitionist Harriet Tubman, civil rights activists Ella Baker and Angela Davis, Honduran environmental activist and indigenous leader Berta Cáceres, the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation Wilma Mankiller, LGBTQ activist Sylvia Rivera, and iconic women’s rights leaders including bell hooks, Gloria Steinem, Audre Lorde and Malala Yousafzai.

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EXCERPT: 

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The Other Witnesses

Biden’s most divisive and perhaps most significant decision was not calling other three womenwho could have strengthened Hill’s allegations against Thomas to testify. While the women’s interviews with committee staff were entered into the record, that did not have the same impact as public testimony.

One of the women was Angela Wright, who worked with Thomas at the EEOC. She said Thomas asked her about the size of her breasts, pressured her to date him, commented on the physical appearance of women in the office and showed up at her apartment one night without warning. Unlike Hill, however, Wright said she considered Thomas’ behavior obnoxious but not sexual harassment.

Wright had complained of Thomas’ unwanted behavior toward Rose Jourdain, a colleague at the EEOC at the time. As Mayer and Abramson wrote in their account of the trial, Jourdain independently remembered the “bra size” incident and also recalled Wright telling her Thomas had talked about the sexiness of her legs.

Sukari Hardnett was the third woman. She worked for Thomas at the EEOC after Hill left but said Hill’s account of his behavior rang true.

“Clarence Thomas pretends that his only behavior toward those who worked as his special assistants was as a father to children and a mentor to proteges. That simply isn’t true. If you were young, black, female and reasonably attractive, you knew full well you were being inspected and auditioned as a female,” she said in her statement, adding, “Women know when there are sexual dimensions to the attention they are receiving. And there was never any doubt about that dimension in Clarence Thomas’s office.”

FULL ARTICLE HERE

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The UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Its Causes and Consequences seeks to collect information on shelters and protection orders which will feed into the thematic report she will present at the 34th session of the Human Rights Council in June 2017.

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Women/SRWomen/Pages/OrdersAndShelters.aspx

Protection orders and shelters are extremely important for the protection of women, their sense of safety, their ability to overcome the effects of abuse and planning for the future. The Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences seeks to collect information on shelters and protection orders which will feed into the thematic report she will present at the 34th session of the Human Rights Council in June 2017.

In order to inform her work, the Special Rapporteur wishes to secure from different stakeholders, including States, National Human Rights Institutions, Non-governmental organizations, as well as members of academia, information, inputs and views on both forms of protection:

Shelters:

  • Legislative framework and/or guidelines regulating shelters’ operations procedures and their shortcomings;
  • Types of shelters and number of shelters in a given State, their territorial allocation and their financing;
  • Conditions to access shelters for women with their children (in particular boys and specific age restrictions and children with special needs);
  • Length of stay in shelters;
  • Availability of alternative accommodation and of second and third stage housing
  • Landmark jurisprudence and good practices.

Protection orders:

  • Legislative framework and/or guidelines regulating them as well as their shortcomings;
  • Practicalities on how protection orders work, who can issue them , types and length of protection or barring orders;
  • Efficiency  or lack thereof of protection orders;
  • Legal consequences of the non-respect of protection orders; 
  • Landmark jurisprudence and good practices.

Information on existing mandatory mediation and reconciliation practices which may undermine the protection of gender-based violence victims as well as information on their social reintegration and legal, security and financial assistance measures are also welcomed.

N.B. Please note that the working languages of the Secretariat are English, French and Spanish. You are therefore kindly requested to provide your submissions in one of these languages.

All submissions should be sent by 30 January 2017 tovaw@ohchr.org

 

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East Africa - The Fight for Gender Parity

By Nanjala Nyabola

For women across the world, electoral politics can be a hostile and violent place. Writer Nanjala Nyabola investigates the parliamentary quota systems in East Africa, demonstrating how well they can work when supported with institutional will and how resoundingly they can fail when the patriarchy conspires to undo them.

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Wangari Muta Maathai, Nobel Prize winner and former Kenyan MP – Photo: The Time Line

NAIROBI, Kenya—When Bina Maseno was 23, she decided to run for Council Assembly in Nairobi City County and reached out to a few experienced female politicians for advice. She expected to hear suggestions for navigating party power dynamics or articulating campaign messages for a broader audience. But what she got was a primer in protecting herself from sexual assault by male politicians and putative voters.

“I was shocked,” she recalled. “One woman told me that I had to dress in a matronly way, because voters always think that youthful looking women are sleeping their way through the party. Another woman advised that I should never go to a rally without wearing biker shorts underneath my clothes, because inevitably the men in the audience would try to strip me.” During Maseno’s 2012 campaign, this latter piece of advice was repeatedly tested and found to be accurate.

For wom

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Esteban Santiago was accused twice of strangulation — an offense that studies show often foreshadows future violence.

In the year before Esteban Santiago allegedly opened fire on unsuspecting travelers at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport on Friday, killing five and injuring six others, he had at least five run-ins with police in Anchorage, Alaska.

Many involved allegations of domestic violence, including two reports of strangulation that don’t appear to have been taken seriously.

In January 2016, Santiago was arrested after his girlfriend told Anchorage police he attacked her while she was in the bathroom. He broke the door, forced his way in and began to strangle her, she said.

“She stated that he continued to yell at her to ‘get the fuck out bitch’ while strangling her and smacking her in the side of the head,” the responding police officer wrote.

Strangling his girlfriend ― impeding her ability to breathe ― shows a capacity to kill, experts say. Years of research has established that the act of strangulation is an important predictor of future lethal violence: If a woman has been choked by an intimate partner, she is seven times more likely to become a homicide victim in the future.

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“The handling of this case has all the earmarks of poorly investigating a strangulation case and minimizing its significance at every turn,” Gwinn said. “Where was the follow-up investigation? Where was the forensic exam?”

Gwinn added that Alaska has a manual on how to investigate and prosecute strangulation cases. “There is no indication that the prosecutors followed any of the best practices guidance of their manual,” he said.

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SEE ALSO:

**  It’s Time To Recognize What Many Mass Murderers Share In Common

**  We’re Missing The Big Picture On Mass Shootings

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Dear Member of the Judiciary Committee:

We, the steering committee of the National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic Violence (NTF), a coalition of national, tribal, state, and local leadership organizations and individuals advocating on behalf of victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking, write to express our opposition to Senator Jeff Sessions’ nomination for Attorney General of the United States of America. We have arrived at this position based upon a review of his record as a state and federal prosecutor, during which he applied the law unevenly, and as a U.S. Senator, during which he supported laws that would afford only some members of our society equal protection of the law. The role of Attorney General requires a demonstrated commitment to providing equal protection under the law—particularly to people who face discrimination because of their race, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability or other identities. We respectfully submit that Senator Sessions’ record speaks for itself and that his history of differential application of the law carries with it the potential to harm victims and survivors of gender-based violence, particularly survivors from historically marginalized communities. Thirty years ago, this Committee rejected Senator Sessions’ nomination to the federal bench due to well-justified concerns regarding his problematic record on civil rights and troubling history of making racially insensitive statements. These aforementioned concerns, combined with his equally troubling comments on the nature of sexual assault and other concerns raised below, make Senator Sessions an unqualified choice to serve as U.S. Attorney General.  

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* El Salvador: La asociación de mujeres “Las Dignas” expresaron su sorpresa porque la Fiscalía no ha incorporado el delito de estupro al proceso penal que se sigue contra el locutor y presentador televiso Max González y el resto de implicados en delitos sexuales contra menores de edad.

leer mas: La red de prostitución de menores que tiene en problemas al “Gordo Max” y otras personalidades en El Salvador

la organizacion feminista, Las Dignas

 

* Guatemala: Trata de mujeres, ninos, y ninas

 

 

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A new paper by political scientists Brian Schaffner, Matthew MacWilliams, and Tatishe Nteta puts the blame back on the same factors people pointed to before the election: racism and sexism. And the research has a very telling chart to prove it, showing that voters’ measures of sexism and racism correlated much more closely with support for Trump than economic dissatisfaction after controlling for factors like partisanship and political ideology:

 Brian Schaffner, Matthew MacWilliams, and Tatishe Nteta

As the paper acknowledges, clearly economic dissatisfaction was one factor — and in an election in which Trump essentially won by just 80,000 votes in three states, maybe that, along with issues like the opioid epidemic and poor health outcomes, was enough to put Trump over the top. But the analysis also shows that a bulk of support for Trump — perhaps what made him a contender to begin with — came from beliefs rooted in racism and sexism.

Specifically, the researchers conclude that racism and sexism explain most of Trump’s enormous electoral advantage with non-college-educated white Americans, the group that arguably gave Trump the election. “We find that while economic dissatisfaction was part of the story, racism and sexism were much more important and can explain about two-thirds of the education gap among whites in the 2016 presidential vote,” the researchers write.

Now, the researchers didn’t measure just any kind of racism and sexism. For racism, they evaluated the extent that someone acknowledges and empathizes with racism — acting as a proxy measure for actual racist beliefs. (Research shows that these kinds of measures correlate with actual racism, which is tricky to measure in a more direct way since people will do what they can to avoid looking racist.) For sexism, they evaluated someone’s hostile sexism — which, through several questions, gauges hostile attitudes toward women. (For more on how hostile sexism is typically measured and compares with other types of sexism, read Libby Nelson’s explanation for Vox.)

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A new study of law firm hiring offers clear evidence of privilege.

INARIK VIA GETTY IMAGES

James Cabot and Julia Cabot seem like the kind of law school students high-paying law firms like to recruit.

Their resumes and work experience are nearly identical. Both of them attend respected institutions and have worked their way to the top 1 percent of their classes. Their schools aren’t among the very top-tier institutions where the big firms do most of their recruiting ― Harvard, Yale, et al. ― but they’re still well-regarded.

What’s more, James and Julia clearly come from economically advantaged backgrounds, the kind that firms admit make candidates a strong “cultural fit.” On their resumes, James and Julia each note their interest in classical music and polo. They both mention their experience on their college sailing teams. When people talk about “elites,” they’re talking about people like James and Julia Cabot.

Yet when law firms looked at their resumes ― which, again, were totally the same but for their gender ― recruiters were three times more likely to call James in for an interview, according to a study first published last year in American Sociological Review and recently written up in Harvard Business Review.

In a follow-up survey and interviews, the researchers learned that lawyers discounted Julia Cabot’s credentials ― indeed, the credentials of any economically advantaged woman ― because of a belief that she would eventually leave the workforce to become a stay-at-home 

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TRENTON — The State Police today graduated 118 new troopers and once again proclaimed the class to be the most diverse in state history, topping the one that graduated in October.

The 153rd Class, which was awarded badges at Elizabeth High School, includes 30 Hispanic troopers, who represent 25 percent of graduates, as well as 19 black troopers, who represent 16 percent of the group, State Police said.

The class also included six Asians and one American Indian. Only five females, three of whom were white, graduated today, highlighting the force's continuing struggle to attract a more balanced group of recruits in terms of gender.

"The 153rd class represents a major step forward in our continuing effort to develop and maintain a State Police force that reflects the diverse population it serves," Gov. Chris Christie said.

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Five females out of 118 new troopers???????

"...a State Police force that reflects the diverse population it serves," Gov. Chris Christie???????????

Law enforcement across the country continues to exclude women, even from the definition of diversity. Law enforcement's big diversity fail is not racial. According to USDOJ figures, 25% of the nation's police are people of color. That's close to parity with the percent in the population. Only 12% of the nation's law enforcement are female, a figure that is abysmally below women's 50% in the population.

No wonder only 3% of rapists do jail time. No wonder we can't end police brutality. Law enforcement, and police reformers too, are failing completely to target the toxic male dominated culture and apply the obvious solution: RECRUIT, HIRE, RETAIN, AND PROMOTE FEMALE OFFICERS!

The facts are known. Female officers have dramatically lower rates of officer-involved-shootings, misconduct, and  citizen complaints compared to male officers. Females officers tend to respond to volatile situations by de-escalating. Male officers tend more to respond to volatile situations as a challenge, and they escalate.

For all those claiming to be working for an end to police brutality, how is it you never call out and protest law enforcement's sexist exclusion of women?

...WJC Admin

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Alguna noche de hace años, cuando yo aún no sabía que existían los feminismos en México, vi un documental donde Lydia Cacho hacía un “statement” poderoso al enunciarse una mujer que, al luchar contra la pederastia en el estado de Quintana Roo, enfrentaba las consecuencias impuestas por la corrupción mexicana.
 
Hoy, después de años, recuerdo esa noche gracias a la designación para la Fiscalía General del estado de Quintana Roo. En octubre de 2004, un juez giró la orden de aprehensión contra Jean Succar Kuri, que huyó a los Estados Unidos alertado por una red de políticos, misóginos por obligatoriedad de clase y género en este país.
 
Miguel Ángel Pech Cen, propuesto por la fracción parlamentaria del Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) para ocupar el cargo de fiscal en Quintana Roo, es uno de los políticos que conformaron esta red de corrupción en la que se asentó uno de los antecedentes más dolorosos para las mujeres mexicanas, en términos de corrupción ante la pederastia, la esclavitud sexual y la persecución criminal y hostigamiento de periodistas.
 
Con 24 votos a favor: Partido Acción Nacional (PAN), Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), Partido Verde Ecologista de México (PVEM), Partido Encuentro Social (PES), Partido Nueva Alianza (Panal), Movimiento de Regeneración Nacional (Morena) y un diputado independiente nos han recordado que los derechos de las mujeres son una cosa secundaria en los temas políticos, que no nos alcanza la preparación, la perspectiva de derechos humanos cuando somos mujeres, que pase lo que pase en este país, seguiremos siendo relegadas de los puestos de toma de decisión cuando competimos contra un hombre corrupto. El compadrazgo que siempre será más que suficiente para ocupar los cargos en México.
 
Se designó a Miguel Ángel Pech Cen como fiscal general de Quintana Roo, omitiendo sus graves antecedentes, y desde luego, ignorando la demanda ciudadana de transparencia en la elección.

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VEA TAMBIEN:

México, sin jurisdicción en pederastia y turismo sexual infantil

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“Law enforcement treats these crimes like second-class crimes,” Scott said. “Cops believe it is a social worker’s job. They are looking for a reason to clear the case, and as a police officer, you have got to treat child abuse like any other crime.”

It was the worst case of child abuse that local officials had ever seen. The death of 8-year-old Gabriel Fernandez became a grim symbol of the failure of Los Angeles County’s child welfare system. But it also has roiled the L.A. County Sheriff’s Department, where several deputies have been disciplined. Records show deputies visited Gabriel’s home multiple times during the eight months prosecutors say he was being tortured and beaten. But the deputies found no signs of abuse and did not file paperwork that would have led specially trained detectives to do more investigating. 

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During the last decade, women in Africa have made progress in achieving greater gender equality, financial security and access to health care. Women have assumed positions of leadership and governance in international forums, national offices and at community levels. Young African women and men have grown more vocal in their support for women’s equality.

But throughout the region, women and girls are still denied the ability to control their reproductive lives. In many places, reproductive health care, including safe abortion care, is inaccessible—particularly for young, rural, poor, displaced and uneducated women—for a variety of reasons including legal restrictions, cost and cultural stigma. This stigma extends to health care providers who may not provide abortion care as a result.

In Africa, more than eight million women have abortions each year, many of them unsafe. Each year, about 1.6 million women are treated for complications from unsafe abortion, and thousands more suffer complications but do not receive the treatment they need. Because so many abortions in the region are unsafe, roughly 16,000 maternal deaths annually are due to unsafe abortion. The consequences of unsafe abortion for women and their families, and for society as a whole, are significant and enduring.

Approximately 90% of African women of childbearing age live in countries with restrictive abortion laws. Even where the law allows abortion under certain circumstances, few women, including survivors of sexual violence, are able to navigate the processes required to access a safe and legal procedure.

There has been progress in the last decade, and progress continues to be made. Some African nations are working to reform their abortion laws. The body of credible research has grown, and we know more about the magnitude and consequences of unsafe abortion. We know more about women’s and adolescents’ pathways to abortion, and attitudes and stigma around abortion. And we know more about the costs of unsafe abortion to women and their families and to health care systems, and the cost savings associated with safe and comprehensive abortion and contraceptive care.

We—more than 260 researchers, advocates, policymakers and donors—commit ourselves and call on others to build, share and act on the evidence. Furthermore, remaining gaps in evidence must be filled. Our agenda for research and action in Africa going forward will focus on:

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SANE Program Development and Operation Guide

NCJ Number:  250217

  Publication Date:  2016
  Abstract   HTML
 
  Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement: A Review of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Various Models
  Author:  Joseph De Angelis ; Richard Rosenthal ; Brian Buchner
  Publication Date:  09/2016
  Abstract   PDF

 

 

Audit of the Office of Justice Programs Human Trafficking and Office on Violence Against Women Legal Assistance Awards to the Asian Pacific Islander Legal Outreach, San Francisco, California
  Publication Date:  08/2016
  Abstract   PDF
   
 
 
Fact Sheet on Justice Involved Women in 2016
  Publication Date:  06/2016
  Abstract   PDF 

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https://www.womensmarch.com/

WEBSITE: https://www.womensmarch.com/
FACEBOOK PAGE: https://www.facebook.com/Womens-March-on-Washington-1338822066131069/
TWITTER: https://twitter.com/womensmarch
INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/womensmarch

RSVP on our OFFICIAL EVENTBRITE: bit.ly/womensmarchrsvp (not required, but greatly helpful for planning!)

This is an INCLUSIVE march, is FREE to join and EVERYONE who supports women's rights are welcome.

PLEASE SHARE, we need to spread the word everywhere!
-------------------------
 

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Si eres mujer en El Salvador, estás en riesgo de ir a la cárcel por pérdida de tu embarazo - sin importar la causa. Dile al Congreso de El Salvador que levante la cruel prohibición del aborto: http://www.reproductiverights.org/ElSalvador-ES 

English version: https://youtu.be/syInu3hnE7I 

If you’re a woman in El Salvador, you risk jail time for ending a pregnancy—or having a miscarriage. Sign the petition to tell El Salvador’s Congress: Pass legislation lifting the total abortion ban today. http://www.reproductiverights.org/ElS... 

Version en español: https://youtu.be/EV-x9v2iY54

 

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As the era of Trump approaches, some of you are succumbing to the following four syndromes:

1. Normalizer Syndrome. You want to believe Trump will be just another president – more conservative and pompous than most, but one who will make rational decisions once in office.

You are under a grave delusion. Trump has a serious personality disorder and will pose a clear and present danger to America and the world.

2. Outrage Numbness Syndrome. You are no longer outraged by what Trump says or what he does – his incessant lies, his cabinet picks, his bullying, his hatefulness  – because you’ve gone numb. You can’t conceive that someone like this is becoming President of the United States, so you’ve shut down emotionally. Maybe you’ve even stopped reading the news.

You need to get back in touch with your emotions and reengage with what’s happening.  

3. Cynical Syndrome.

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António Guterres appoints Nigeria’s Amina Mohammed as his Deputy after saying gender parity at UN was a priority.

 

The incoming UN secretary general, António Guterres, has announced that Nigeria’s environment minister, Amina Mohammed, will be his deputy and appointed two other women to key leadership posts.

Guterres has made achieving gender parity at the world body a priority of his tenure, which begins on 1 January. Women currently fill less than one in four leadership positions at the UN.

Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, a senior Brazilian foreign ministry official, will serve as Guterres’s chief of staff, and Kyung-wha Kang of South Korea has been appointed to the new position of special adviser on policy.

Mohammed had been widely tipped to become UN deputy secretary general after she led successful negotiations on the sustainable development goals – 17 targets agreed by the United Nations to end extreme poverty by 2030. She succeeds Jan Eliasson of Sweden.

Viotti, currently Brazil’s undersecretary for Asia and the Pacific, has previously served as ambassador to Germany and as UN envoy. She helped shape Brazil’s role within the Brics club of emerging economies and has worked as director for human rights in the foreign ministry.

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Donald Trump didn't earn too many endorsements from unions during his presidential campaign, but one enthusiastically supported him. The national Fraternal Order of Police (FOP), which boasts more than 330,000 members and is the country's largest police union, announced in September that it would be backing Trump because he "understands and supports" its priorities. (The organization declined to make a formal endorsement in the 2012 presidential election but in 2008 backed John McCain.) Trump's rhetoric on safety and law and order seemed to align with the right-leaning union. "Our members believe he will make America safe again," the group explained when it announced its support. About a week after Election Day, it offered the president-elect a list of its priorities for the first 100 days of his administration.

The policy ideas, released through the union's official website with little fanfare, includes more than a dozen proposals. Many involve aggressively dismantling the modest reforms suggested by the Obama administration in a 2015 plan called President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, such as increasing the use of body cameras nationwide and implementing a national database on police use of force. The FOP also wants Trump to bring back racial profiling in federal agencies by lifting or changing the 2003 ban put in place by the Bush administration. The union suggests he should cut off some or all federal aid to "sanctuary cities" and bring an end to Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), using its database to deport the individuals who had been protected by being included in it.

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SEE FRATERNAL ORDER OF POLICE DOC. PDF HERE

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